The Institute of Physics, Belgrade fosters a long tradition of participating in domestic projects and achieving remarkable success in project calls of the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development and the Science Fund of the Republic of Serbia. Currently, it is one of the most successful scientific-educational institutions in the world per number of projects, and the researchers of the Institute break records call after call. The topics that the researchers of the Institute cover have been recognized as important and relevant within various programmes, and often they transcend physics and try to solve multiple fundamental and practical issues about the world. As a leading institution in the country in terms of the number of projects, the Institute has been perceived as a good partner to other institutions in multi-disciplinary research. At the Institute, at this moment, there are 14 ongoing projects, funded by the Science Fund and one funded by the Innovation Fund.
Domestic scientific-research projects are funded by programmes of the Science Fund of the Republic of Serbia, a public organization founded in 2019, with a goal of supporting scientific-research activities. Since its foundation, the Fund has launched four programmes, and within each of them, the Institute’s researchers have achieved significant results. In the first call titled PROMIS, intended at young researchers who obtained their doctorate in the previous ten years, the Institute stood out as the most acclaimed institution in Belgrade, and the second in Serbia per number of obtained projects. The projects of four researchers from this institution were approved at the competition, and the total sum of allocated funds for these projects is over 788,000 €. Within the Program for Development of Projects in the Field of Artificial Intelligence, 12 projects received funding, and the Institute of Physics is a partner in one of them. Researchers of the Institute working on this project, which is one of six basic research projects, joined forces with colleagues from Singidunum University. The COVID-19 pandemic triggered the launch of a special programme of the Science Fund in the frame of which projects contributing to an efficient scientific response to the pandemic are funded. This time as well, among 14 projects, there was one of the Institute. Within the IDEAS programme, whose objective is to finance excellent science, the Institute of Physics, Belgrade received funds for record seven projects, and it is a partner in a project led by the Faculty of Biology, and the allocated sum is more than 1,800,000€.
Projects funded by the Science Fund of the Republic of Serbia
The Program for Excellent Projects of Young Researchers (PROMIS)
HEMMAGINERO (Hemoglobin-based spectroscopy and nonlinear imaging of erythocytes and their membranes as emerging diagnostic tool)https://www.hemmaginero.rs
Project leader: Aleksandar Krmpot, PhD
The goal of the project is the application of the most advanced microscopic technique on imaging erythrocytes and erythrocyte derivatives, which could potentially be used as a diagnostic tool for cancer, diabetes and inflammatory/autoimmune diseases. Along with the Institute of Physics, Belgrade, the Institute for Medical Research of the University of Belgrade and the Institute for Oncology and Radiology of Serbia participate in the project.
Key2SM (Cold atoms, hubbard model and holography: key to strange metals)https://key2sm.ipb.ac.rs
Project leader: Jakša Vučičević, PhD
The goal of the project is a contribution to the understanding of high-temperature superconductivity. The materials with this property have important industrial applications, but it is necessary to cool them at extremely low temperatures, therefore they cease to be super-conductors. These bad conductors, also known as ’strange metals’ hide a great mystery whose solution would help the understanding of high-temperature superconductivity. Researchers working on the project strive to unravel it using systematic numerical simulation of the Hubbard model, comparing results with quantum simulations and phenomenological and gravitational theories.
PV-Waals (Nanometer thin photovoltaics based on plasmonically enhanced van der waals heterostructures)https://pv-waals.com
Project leader: Goran Isić, PhD
The project’s objective is the development of new photovoltaic devices based on two-dimensional crystal van der Waals heterostructures. The project deals with solid-state physics, nanoelectronics, plasmonics, nanotechnology and related fields. The ultimate goal is the production of nanometer-thin plasmonically enhanced vdWhs photovoltaic devices.
StrainedFeSC (Strain effects in iron chalcogenide superconductors)https://strainedfesc.ipb.ac.rs
Project leader: Nenad Lazarević, PhD
The discovery of superconductivity in iron-based materials (2008) has brought about new leads in the fight to untangle the mystery of high-temperature superconductors. However, some of the key issues remain controversial, and access to varying degrees of freedom can provide invaluable data, not only for accurately determining generic properties of iron-based materials but also for the engineering of such materials and devices.
Program for Development of Projects in the Field of Artificial Intelligence
ATLAS (Artificial intelligence theoretical foundations for advanced spatial-temporal modelling of data and processing)
The project is led by Singidunum University, whereas the Institute of Physics, Belgrade is a partner in the project. The Institute’s team is headed by Andreja Stojić, PhD.
The project engages in the development of theoretical methods of artificial intelligence and its application, as well as computational simulation through a platform intended for the research of complex geospatial systems of variables in time. The goal is to offer a ground for recommendations of measures to reduce the harmful effects of air pollution.
Special research program on COVID-19
idCOVID (Continuous inactivation and removal of SARS-CoV-2 in indoor air by ionization)
Project leader: Predrag Kolarž, PhD
The essence of the project lies in the application of ionization as a means of destroying viruses in indoor settings. By means of intensive ionization of air, which is not harmful to people, researchers try to inactivate the virus and carry out the electrostatic removal from the breathing zone.
The partner on this project is the School of Medicine of the University of Belgrade.
CompsLight (Control and manipulation of ligt in complex photnoic systems)
Project leader: Dragana Jović Savić, PhD
The main idea of the project is to find a way to make defects, impurities and irregularities, which appear in different applications, useful, primarily in the control and manipulation of light. Researchers plan to produce new types of complex photonic structures within the project, and to make them disorderly, analyzing whether they can be useful.
The partner on this project is the Institute for Multidisciplinary Research of the University of Belgrade.
SimSurgery (Multiphysics Software Package for Simulation of Electrosurgical Procedures)
Project leader: Marija Radmilović Rađenović, PhD
Electrosurgery is based on the application of electric current on biological tissues as a means of cutting, coagulating, desiccating and fulgurating tissue. This multidisciplinary project is concentrated on the development of a software package for tri-dimensional simulation of various electrosurgical interventions. Apart from scientific importance, the result could become a pillar for the planning of electrosurgical procedures, a faster and easier post-surgical recovery and equipment optimization.
QGHG-2021 (Quantum Gravity from Higher Gauge Theory)https://www.qghg-2021.ipb.ac.rs/
Project leader: Marko Vojinović, PhD
There are two main objectives within the project. The first one is theoretical: understanding and formulating a unified theory on gravity and matter at the quantum level using the geometrical language of higher gauge theories. The second one is practical: designing a software package for numerical analysis and calculation of consequences of this actual theoretical model of quantum gravity, as well as other issues in the field of general geometry, algebraic topology, graph theory and other branches of mathematics used to define quantum gravity.
q-bio BDS (Biophysics and Bioinformatics of CRISPR/Cas ant Toxin-Antitoxin Regulation)
The Faculty of Biology of the University of Belgrade is the leader of the project, while the Institute of Physics, Belgrade is one of the partners. The Institute’s team is led by Magdalena Đorđević, PhD.
NOVA2LIBS4fusion (Novel approach to laser induced breakdown spectroscopy diagnostics of fusion reactor plasma facing components)
Project leader: Milivoje Ivković, PhD
The world’s largest fusion reactor is being installed in southern France. The goal is to create the possibility of construction of commercial power plants based on controlled nuclear fusion technology by imitating the reactions that power our Sun. However, high temperature and tremendous energy flux on the surface of the reactor bring about the erosion of the wall material. The objective of this project is the characterization of the fusion reactor’s walls. The data on the composition of the cause and the concentration of elements up to the millionth part can be produced using spectroscopic analysis of plasma-emitted light.
The partners in this project are the Faculty of Physical Chemistry of the University of Belgrade, Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences of the University of Belgrade and the Faculty of Engineering of the University of Kragujevac.
NOOM-SeC (Nano-objects in own matrix – Self composite)
Project leader: Nebojša Romčević, PhD
The project deals with the study of a completely new composite material. The task set before the project team is to produce self-composites whose dispersed phase is of nanometric dimensions so that these nano-objects are composed of the same materials as the matrix.
APPerTAin-BIOM (Atmospheric pressureplasmas operating in wide frequency range – a new tool for production of biologically relevant reactive species for applications in biomedicine)
Project leader: Nevena Puač, PhD
The partners on this project are the School of Medicine, Faculty of Dental Medicine and the Institute for Biological Research ‘Siniša Stanković’, all of the University of Belgrade.
EGWin (Exploring ultra low global warming potential gases for insuletion in high-voltage technology: Experiments and modelling)
Project leader: Saša Dujko, PhD
The focus of the research conducted within this project is the issue of how physicists can assist electrical engineers and ecologists in their effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in electricity transmission systems. One of the steps being considered in the project is the elimination of Sulphur hexafluoride gas. The project team will consider possibilities regarding the use of alternative substances in electricity transmission systems. Physicists face a wide range of issues concerning these new gases which they will try to tackle. Some of these issues are: when these gases are under the influence of an electric field how they become conducting, how electrons and molecules of these gases interact and which are the basic properties of breakthrough phase and streamer discharge in these gases.
Projects funded by the Innovation Fund
Collaborative Grant Scheme Program
READ (Platform for Remote development for Autonomous Driving algorithms in realistic environment)
The project leader is SYRMIA Company from Novi Sad, while the Institute of Physics, Belgrade is a partner. The objective of the project is the production of a computer platform providing engineers, researchers and teachers with tools for remote development, testing and verification of algorithms for autonomous driving in a real environment.