6. 9. 2013. Семинар: Марко Младеновић

 

У петак 6. септембра 2013. године у 14:00 часова у читаоници библиотеке Института за физику у Београду у организацији Лабораторије за примену рачунара у науци одржаће семинар

Марко Младеновић
Институт за физику у Београду

Electronic States at Low-Angle Grain Boundaries in Polycrystalline Naphthalene

Abstract:

Organic semiconductors are materials of great promise for electronic devices, such as organic field-effect transistors (FETs), organic light-emitting diodes (LEDs), and organic solar cells (OSCs). Their advantage over inorganic counterparts is that they are flexible and have a low processing cost. However, devices made of organic semiconductors still have relatively low charge mobility and low efficiency. Thin films of crystalline organic semiconductors have a polycrystalline form, which is composed of many different crystalline grains. Previous works indicate that grain boundaries are the most limiting intrinsic factor for efficient charge transport in small molecule based polycrystalline organic semiconductors.

We have investigated the influence of grain boundaries on electronic properties of polycrystalline organic semiconductor naphthalene. Atomic structure of grain boundaries was found using a Monte Carlo method, while electronic structure calculations were performed using the density functional theory based charge patching method. We found that grain boundaries introduce trap states within the band gap of the material. Wave functions of these states are localized on closely spaced pairs of molecules from opposite sides of the boundary. The energies of trap states are strongly correlated with the distances between the molecules in the pair. These findings were used to calculate the electronic density of trap states, which was found to exhibit a qualitatively different behavior for grain boundaries perpendicular to the a and b direction of the naphthalene unit cell [1].

[1] M. Mladenovic, N. Vukmirovic and I. E. Stankovic, J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 15741 (2013).